The maritime field is one of the most important economic activities of the countries
due to its important role in the economic development of the state, and an important
resource and source of marine wealth such as fisheries, minerals, petroleum, tourism,
etc., especially after the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982,
which extended the so-called exclusive economic zone (EEZ) The territorial waters up
to 200 nautical miles shall guarantee the coastal State the right to sovereignty in
the management, discovery and exploitation of the natural resources of this area as
well as the preservation of its environment and the prevention of pollution therein.
In addition to its role in supporting the national economy as a stand-alone industry that supports the balance of payments, creating jobs and training national cadres As well as achieving a security strategy for the country in the event of wars and siege, it also leads to the establishment and development of auxiliary service activities such as ship repair and maritime agencies, supply, insurance…. Etc. which in turn provide opportunities for national employment. The maritime industry is characterized by a global industry and a complex technical and specialized field. International Maritime Organization (IMO) More than (53) international agreements and more than (800) codes and directives to achieve its objectives (Safe, Secure Ships & Clean Oceans)
As well as the International Labor Organization (ILO), which means to improve the social
conditions of sea workers, which requires workers in this area of expertise and high
technical competence and knowledge of these international conventions in order to keep
pace and deal with them.